Impact Fertilisers
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Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP)

Click here to download the DAP Product Update, 24 March 2014.

N% P% K% S% Zn%
Typical Analysis 18 20.2 0 1.5 0

dap-sugar

Chemical Name
Diammonium phosphate
Crop Segments
All
Features
High analysis nitrogen and phosphorus contained in every granule.
Quality & Handling
Nominal 2-4mm size granule, free flowing product.
Bulk density 0.9 tonnes per cubic metre.
Blending
Can be blended with most products and trace elements.

1. Features

  • High analysis source of phosphorus.
  • N:P ratio of 1:1 makes it an effective source of nitrogen.
  • DAP releases free ammonium. Nitrogen in the ammonium form resists leaching and is a slower release form of nitrogen.
  • The free ammonium gives a higher pH reaction immediately around the granule.
  • The low cost of nitrogen in DAP makes it a cost effective source of nitrogen if Phosphorus is also required.

2. Manufacture

Ammonia gas is combined with phosphoric acid in a ratio of 1:1, granulated, dried and screened.

3. Uses

One of the major cropping fertilisers used in Australia as a source of both phosphorus and nitrogen. The high phosphorus content makes it a true high analysis fertiliser. DAP and DAP blends are used on a range of crops in broad-acre farming, cereals, sugar cane, sowing pastures, dairy pastures, fodder crops and also in horticultural crops; for example, vegetables and tree crops.

4. Storage and handling

  • Does tend to take up moisture, both in storage and in the field.
  • Storage in a bulk shed is the preferred storage method. Covering with a tarp may reduce any moist air uptake.
  • The use of augers may damage the fertiliser and increase any handling problems.
  • Do not leave exposed to moist air.
  • Either fill or empty (completely), the drill or air-seeder fertiliser box overnight.
  • Cover seeding equipment with a tarp.
  • Raise the equipment tynes from the soil to stop moisture moving up the tubes.

5. Restrictions

  • For sowing there is little risk of affecting germination, even at high rates. The general rule of a maximum of 20kg/ha of nitrogen at seeding of cereals should be used.
  • When applying DAP, the fertiliser should be banded 5cm away from the seed, either below or to the side. DAP is low in sulphur – 1.5%. It is not recommended for high sulphur requiring crops such as canola, unless blended with sulphate of ammonia.
  • Do not store in silos.